Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LCC03
Melico pictae-Quercetum roboris (Mikyška 1944) Klika 1957

Melico pictae-Quercetum roboris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association includes open, currently usually tall-growing forests of Quercus petraea agg. and/or Q. robur. In most places the shrub layer is poorly developed, while the herb layer is species-rich, consisting of species adapted to an intermittent moisture regime (many of them shared with the Molinion caeruleae meadows), species of thermophilous and acidophilous oak forests and oak-hornbeam forests. It occurs mainly on gentle slopes or flatland with heavy, clayey soils with a broad pH range, which are wet in spring but dry in periods of low or infrequent rainfall in summer. In the Czech Republic this association is distributed mainly on Cretaceous sediments of northern and eastern Bohemia, but also on colluvial loamy sediments and loess accumulations in the Bohemian Karst, southern Moravia and some other areas.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Klika 1957): As. Quercus robur-Melica picta, popsaná Mikyškou 1944

Syn.: Querco robori-sessilis-Melicetum pictae Mikyška 1944 (§ 34c), Molinio arundinaceae-Quercetum Samek 1962, Serratulo-Quercetum Mráz 1963, Potentillo albae-Quercetum sensu auct. bohem. et morav. non Libbert 1933 (pseudonym)

Diagnostic species: Quercus petraea agg.; Betonica officinalis, Campanula persicifolia, Carex montana, Convallaria majalis, Dianthus superbus, Festuca heterophylla, Fragaria moschata, Galium sylvaticum, Hieracium sabaudum s. l., Lathyrus niger, L. vernus, Melampyrum pratense, Melica nutans, Melittis melissophyllum, Peucedanum cervaria, Potentilla alba, Serratula tinctoria, Tanacetum corymbosum

Constant species: Carpinus betulus, Quercus petraea agg.; Anemone nemorosa, Betonica officinalis, Brachypodium pinnatum, Calamagrostis arundinacea, Campanula persicifolia, Carex montana, Convallaria majalis, Festuca heterophylla, F. ovina, Fragaria moschata, F. vesca, Galium sylvaticum, Hepatica nobilis, Hieracium murorum, H. sabaudum s. l., Lathyrus niger, L. vernus, Melampyrum pratense, Melica nutans, Melittis melissophyllum, Poa nemoralis, Potentilla alba, Serratula tinctoria, Stellaria holostea, Tanacetum corymbosum, Veronica chamaedrys agg.

Dominant species: Quercus petraea agg., Q. robur; Anemone nemorosa, Brachypodium pinnatum, Carex montana, Poa nemoralis

Formal definition: (Quercus petraea agg. cover > 10 % OR Quercus robur cover > 10 %) AND Group Lathyrus niger AND Group Serratula tinctoria NOT Group Buglossoides purpurocaerulea NOT Group Iris variegata

Source: Roleček J. (2013): LCC03 Melico pictae-Quercetum roboris (Mikyška 1944) Klika 1957. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 332-337.