Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LDA03
Vaccinio vitis-idaeae-Quercetumroboris Oberdorfer 1957

Vaccinio vitis-idaeae-Quercetumroboris

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This association is dominated by Quercus petraea agg., less frequently by Q. robur, with a constant admixture of Pinus sylvestris. Its shrub layer is sparse and its herb layer is dominated by Vaccinium myrtillus and other dwarf shrubs such as Calluna vulgaris and Vaccinium vitis-idaea. It occurs on both shallow and deep, very nutrient-poor, often sandy soils developed over acidic bedrock. Some stands of this association developed as a result of historical forest use. In the Czech Republic these forests occur mainly in Bohemia.

Orig. (Oberdorfer 1957): Vaccinio vitis-idaeo-Quercetum ass. nov. (Quercus robur)

Syn.: Calluno-Quercetum Schlüter ex Passarge in Scamoni 1963 p. p.

Diagnostic species: Betula pendula, Pinus sylvestris, Quercus petraea agg.; Avenella flexuosa, Vaccinium myrtillus; Leucobryum glaucum s. l., Pycnothelia papillaria

Constant species: Betula pendula, Pinus sylvestris, Quercus petraea agg., Sorbus aucuparia; Avenella flexuosa, Calluna vulgaris, Luzula luzuloides, Vaccinium myrtillus; Dicranum scoparium, Hypnum cupressiforme s. l.

Dominant species: Pinus sylvestris, Quercus petraea agg., Q. robur; Avenella flexuosa, Vaccinium myrtillus; Pleurozium schreberi

Formal definition: (Quercus petraea agg. cover > 15 % OR Quercus robur cover > 15 %) AND (Calluna vulgaris cover > 5 % OR Vaccinium myrtillus cover > 50 % OR Vaccinium vitis-idaea cover > 25 %) AND (Group Vaccinium myrtillus OR Group Vaccinium vitis.idaea) NOT Group Hieracium sabaudum NOT Group Jasione montana NOT Group Succisa pratensis NOT Group Viscaria vulgaris NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 25 %

Source: Roleček J. (2013): LDA03 Vaccinio vitis-idaeae-Quercetumroboris Oberdorfer 1957. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 359-362.