Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Class LE
Erico-Pinetea Horvat 1959
Basiphilous submontane pine forests

LEA Erico carneae-Pinion

The class Erico-Pinetea comprises species-rich forests of Pinus nigra and P. sylvestris on dry, nutrient-poor soils on base-rich rocks in the Alps, the Carpathians, the mountain ranges of the Balkan Peninsula and some other mountainous regions of southern and south-eastern Europe. They are characterized by a significant proportion of central and southern European species, whereas many species typical of boreo-continental taiga are absent. Relict occurrences of various light-demanding species are frequent in the herb layer of these forests.

Orig. (Horvat 1959): Erici-Pinetea (Erica carnea, Pinus nigra, P. sylvestris)

Diagnostic and constant species: see association Thlaspio montani-Pinetum sylvestris

Source: Chytrý M. (2013): LE Erico-Pinetea Horvat 1959. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 366-367.