Vegetation of the Czech Republic
Festuco-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968
These pine forests with Pinus sylvestris of north-eastern central and eastern Europe contain boreo-continental taiga species (including Vaccinium myrtillus and V. vitis-idaea) mixed with drought-adapted continental species typical of steppe grasslands. This makes their herb layer richer in species than that of the taiga pine forests belonging to the alliance Dicrano-Pinion sylvestris. Pine forests of the alliance Festuco-Pinion develop on slightly acidic or slightly basic substrates, mainly sand and sandstone.
Orig. (Passarge 1968): Festuco-Pinion silvestris (Festuca ovina, F. trachyphylla = F. brevipila)
Syn.: Cytiso ruthenici-Pinion Krausch 1962 prov. (§ 3b)
Diagnostic and constant species: see association Festuco-Pinetum sylvestris
Source: Chytrý M. (2013): LFA Festuco-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 384-385.