Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LFA01
Festuco-Pinetum sylvestris Kobendza 1930

Festuco-Pinetum sylvestris

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Festuco-Pinetum is an association of open forest dominated by Pinus sylvestris and characterized by the common occurrence of boreo-continental, peri-alpine and drought-adapted continental species, including species of dry grasslands. In the Czech Republic it occurs mainly on marl or calcareous sandstone in northern Bohemia, but it can also rarely be found on other types of calcareous bedrock. Similar, basiphilous, species-rich pine forests occur on scattered sites in other regions of the Bohemian Massif. Some of the current pine forest stands may have developed from deciduous forests due to grazing and other human influences, while others may be natural vegetation maintained by recurrent wildfires.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Kobendza 1930): Zespół – Association – Pineto-Festucetum (Pinus silvestris, Festuca ovina var. vulgaris)

Syn.: Pyrolo-Pinetum (Schmid 1936) Meusel 1952, Dicrano-Pinetum Preising et Knapp ex Oberdorfer 1957 p. p., Diantho-Pinetum Krausch 1962, Peucedano oreoselini-Pinetum W. Matuszkiewicz 1962 p. p., Koelerio-Pinetum sylvestris (Krausch 1962) Passarge 1968, Stipo-Pinetum sylvestris Knapp ex Passarge et Hofmann 1968

Diagnostic species: Betula pendula, Frangula alnus, Pinus sylvestris; Antennaria dioica, Anthericum ramosum, Asperula tinctoria, Brachypodium pinnatum, Campanula rotundifolia agg., Carex ericetorum, Epipactis atrorubens, Euphorbia cyparissias, Ophrys insectifera, Polygonatum odoratum, Pteridium aquilinum, Thymus praecox, T. serpyllum, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, Viola rupestris

Constant species: Betula pendula, Frangula alnus, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, Rubus fruticosus agg.; Anthericum ramosum, Asperula tinctoria, Brachypodium pinnatum, Calluna vulgaris, Campanula rotundifolia agg., Euphorbia cyparissias, Festuca ovina, Fragaria vesca, Hieracium murorum, Polygonatum odoratum, Thymus praecox, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea, Vincetoxicum hirundinaria; Hypnum cupressiforme s. l., Pleurozium schreberi

Dominant species: Pinus sylvestris; Brachypodium pinnatum

Formal definition: Pinus sylvestris cover > 15 % AND (Group Brachypodium pinnatum OR Group Geranium sanguineum) NOT Group Armeria serpentini NOT Group Aurinia saxatilis NOT Group Buglossoides purpurocaerulea NOT Group Carex caryophyllea NOT Group Carex digitata NOT Group Festuca pallens NOT Group Koeleria pyramidata NOT Group Lathyrus vernus NOT Group Plantago media NOT Group Viscaria vulgaris NOT Avenella flexuosa cover > 5 % NOT Calamagrostis epigejos cover > 5 % NOT Carpinus betulus cover > 25 % NOT Corylus avellana cover > 25 % NOT Festuca pallens cover > 5 % NOT Pinus nigra cover > 15 % NOT Quercus petraea agg. cover > 15 % NOT Quercus robur cover > 15 %

Source: Sádlo J. & Chytrý M. (2013): LFA01 Festuco-Pinetum sylvestris Kobendza 1930. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 385-389.