Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance LFB
Dicrano-Pinion sylvestris (Libbert 1933) Matuszkiewicz 1962

This alliance comprises forests of Pinus sylvestris with a poorly developed shrub layer and species-poor herb layer, which contains acidophilous dwarf shrubs such as Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus and V. vitis-idaea and oligotrophic graminoids and other herbs. The moss layer is well developed. This alliance is distributed across western, central and eastern Europe on nutrient-poor, acidic soils, where deciduous trees are disadvantaged and pine can attain dominance, especially if the stands are occasionally disturbed, e.g. by fires. In the Bohemian Massif, these forests are found on rock outcrops, sandy soils and serpentines.

Nomen conservandum propositum (against Pinion (Libbert 1933) Oberdorfer 1957)

Orig. (W. Matuszkiewicz 1962): Dicrano-Pinion-Verband (Dicranum maius = D. majus, D. scoparium, D. spurium, D. undulatum = D. polysetum, Pinus sylvestris)

Syn.: Pinion medioeuropaeum Libbert 1933 (§ 34a), Pinion (Libbert 1933) Oberdorfer 1957 (potential correct name)

Diagnostic species: Betula pendula, Pinus sylvestris; Avenella flexuosa, Calluna vulgaris, Pteridium aquilinum, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Cladonia rangiferina s. l., Dicranum polysetum, D. scoparium, Leucobryum glaucum s. l., Pleurozium schreberi, Pohlia nutans

Constant species: Betula pendula, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris; Avenella flexuosa, Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Dicranum scoparium, Pleurozium schreberi

Source: Zelený D. (2013): LFB Dicrano-Pinion sylvestris (Libbert 1933) Matuszkiewicz 1962. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 389-391.