Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LFB01
Cladino-Pinetum sylvestris Juraszek 1928

Cladino-Pinetum sylvestris

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This association includes open, often short-growing stands of Pinus sylvestris, at most sites without any shrub layer. The herb layer is very poor in species, containing the dwarf shrubs Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus and V. vitis-idaea. The moss layer by contrast is well developed with lichens of the genus Cladonia and Cetraria islandica, as well as several moss species. This association occurs on very nutrient-poor soils over sand, sandstone or weathered granite. Some stands are stable in the long term, but many have developed from other forest types as a result of nutrient depletion caused by grazing, litter raking, and also through the preference of pine in managed forests.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Juraszek 1928): Pineto-cladinetum (Pinus sylvestris, Cladonia alpestris = C. stellaris, C. gracilis, C. rangiferina, C. sylvatica = C. arbuscula, C. uncialis)

Syn.: Cladonio sylvaticae-rangiferinae-Pinetum sylvestris Juraszek 1928 (§ 34c), Cladonio-Pinetum Kobendza 1930, Dicrano-Pinetum Preising et Knapp ex Oberdorfer 1957 p. p., Leucobryo-Pinetum W. Matuszkiewicz 1962 p. p., Peucedano oreoselini-Pinetum W. Matuszkiewicz 1962 p. p.

Diagnostic species: Pinus sylvestris; Calluna vulgaris, Chimaphila umbellata, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Cetraria islandica, Cladonia arbuscula, C. gracilis, C. chlorophaea s. l., C. rangiferina s. l., Dicranum polysetum, D. spurium, Leucobryum glaucum s. l., Pleurozium schreberi, Ptilidium ciliare

Constant species: Pinus sylvestris; Avenella flexuosa, Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Cladonia arbuscula, C. rangiferina, Dicranum polysetum, D. scoparium, D. spurium, Leucobryum glaucum s. l., Pleurozium schreberi

Dominant species: Pinus sylvestris; Cladonia rangiferina s. l.

Formal definition: Pinus sylvestris cover > 10 % AND (Cladonia rangiferina s. l. cover > 25 % OR (Cladonia arbuscula cover > 10 % AND Cladonia rangiferina s. l. cover > 5 %)) NOT Group Atropa bella-donna NOT Group Aurinia saxatilis NOT Group Cytisus nigricans NOT Group Epilobium angustifolium NOT Group Frangula alnus NOT Group Geranium sanguineum NOT Group Jasione montana NOT Group Polytrichum piliferum NOT Group Viscaria vulgaris NOT Quercus petraea agg. cover > 10 % NOT Quercus robur cover > 10 %

Source: Zelený D. (2013): LFB01 Cladino-Pinetum sylvestris Juraszek 1928. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 391-393.