Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LFB02
Vaccinio myrtilli-Pinetum sylvestris Juraszek 1928

Vaccinio myrtilli-Pinetum sylvestris

Photo on

These forests dominated by Pinus sylvestris contain a species-poor herb layer consisting of acidophilous dwarf shrubs and herbs. A moss layer is well developed with the predominance of acidophilous mosses and admixture of terricolous lichens. They occur on rock outcrops in river valleys and sandstone areas, on stabilized sand dunes, sandy products of rock weathering, talus slopes and on serpentine. Pine forests in the most stressed habitats may have remained stable and occurred continuously throughout the Holocene, but others have probably developed as a result of historical forest managament. In the Czech Republic their occurrence is concentrated in the Bohemian Massif. In some sandstone areas they have recently been invaded by the North American eastern white pine, Pinus strobus.

Nomen inversum propositum Orig. (Juraszek 1928): Pinus silvestris-Vaccinium myrtillus Assoz. (Pineto-myrtilletum)

Syn.: Dicrano-Pinetum Preising et Knapp ex Oberdorfer 1957 p. p., Leucobryo-Pinetum W. Matuszkiewicz 1962 p. p., Peucedano oreoselini-Pinetum W. Matuszkiewicz 1962 p. p., Betulo carpaticae-Pinetum sylvestris Mikyška 1970, zbiorowisko Pinus-Molinia J. M. Matuszkiewicz in W. Matuszkiewicz et J. M. Matuszkiewicz 1973 prov.

Diagnostic species: Pinus sylvestris; Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Dicranum polysetum, Leucobryum glaucum s. l., Pleurozium schreberi

Constant species: Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris; Avenella flexuosa, Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Dicranum polysetum, D. scoparium, Pleurozium schreberi

Dominant species: Pinus sylvestris; Avenella flexuosa, Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Pleurozium schreberi

Formal definition: Pinus sylvestris cover > 15 % AND (Vaccinium myrtillus cover > 5 % OR Vaccinium vitis-idaea cover > 5 % OR Group Vaccinium myrtillus OR Group Vaccinium vitis.idaea) NOT Group Anthoxanthum odoratum NOT Group Armeria serpentini NOT Group Atropa bella-donna NOT Group Aurinia saxatilis NOT Group Brachypodium pinnatum NOT Group Carex digitata NOT Group Epilobium angustifolium NOT Group Eriophorum vaginatum NOT Group Festuca pallens NOT Group Galium odoratum NOT Group Geranium sanguineum NOT Group Oxalis acetosella NOT Group Polytrichum piliferum NOT Group Salix caprea NOT Group Sphagnum palustre NOT Group Succisa pratensis NOT Group Viscaria vulgaris NOT Abies alba cover > 5 % NOT Alnus glutinosa cover > 5 % NOT Asplenium cuneifolium cover > 5 % NOT Brachypodium pinnatum cover > 5 % NOT Calamagrostis epigejos cover > 5 % NOT Carpinus betulus cover > 5 % NOT Cladonia rangiferina s. l. cover > 25 % NOT (Cladonia arbuscula cover > 10 % AND Cladonia rangiferina s. l. cover > 5 %) NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 5 % NOT Larix decidua cover > 5 % NOT Picea abies cover > 15 % NOT Pinus uncinata subsp. uliginosa cover > 5 % NOT Quercus petraea agg. cover > 15 % NOT Quercus robur cover > 15 % NOT Rubus fruticosus agg. cover > 5 % NOT Rubus idaeus cover > 5 % NOT Sesleria caerulea cover > 5 % NOT Silene vulgaris cover > 5 % NOT Sphagnum sp. (excl. S. girgensohnii) > 5 % NOT Tilia cordata cover > 5 % NOT Vaccinium uliginosum cover > 5 %

Source: Zelený D. (2013): LFB02 Vaccinio myrtilli-Pinetum sylvestris Juraszek 1928. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 394-398.