Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LFB04
Asplenio cuneifolii-Pinetum sylvestris Pišta ex Husová in Husová et al. 2002

Asplenio cuneifolii-Pinetum sylvestris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

These are managed, usually even-aged forests of Pinus sylvestris on serpentine bedrock, with a herb layer dominated by ericoid dwarf shrubs and grasses. Unlike the serpentine pine forests assigned to Vaccinio myrtilli-Pinetum sylvestris, this community is characterized by the frequent occurrence of Silene vulgaris, which locally prefers serpentine soils. Also characteristic is the serpentine specialist Asplenium cuneifolium as well as herbs indicating past forest grazing, some of them slightly thermophilous. Especially at higher altitudes the soil surface is covered by a distinct layer of poorly decomposed pine needle litter, which acidifies soils on base-rich serpentine substrate. The occurrence of pine on serpentine soils is probably natural, but forest structure has been modified by forest management. These forests are best developed in serpentine areas of western and southern Bohemia, but also occur in other serpentine areas of the Bohemian Massif, except on the driest and wettest sites.

Orig. (Husová in Husová et al. 2002: 20–35): Asplenio cuneifolii-Pinetum sylvestris Pišta ex Husová

Syn.: Asplenio cuneifolii-Pinetum sylvestris Pišta 1982 prov. (§ 3b)

Diagnostic species: Larix decidua, Pinus sylvestris; Asplenium cuneifolium, Erica carnea, Festuca ovina, Silene vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Dicranum polysetum, Frullania tamarisci, Hylocomium splendens, Pleurozium schreberi

Constant species: Pinus sylvestris, Rubus idaeus, Sorbus aucuparia; Asplenium cuneifolium, Avenella flexuosa, Calluna vulgaris, Festuca ovina, Hieracium murorum, Silene vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Hypnum cupressiforme s. l., Pleurozium schreberi

Dominant species: Pinus sylvestris; Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis arundinacea, Erica carnea, Festuca ovina, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea

Formal definition: Pinus sylvestris cover > 10 % AND (Vaccinium myrtillus cover > 5 % OR Group Vaccinium myrtillus) AND (Asplenium cuneifolium cover > 5 % OR Centaurea scabiosa cover > 5 % OR Silene vulgaris cover > 5 % OR Group Asplenium adulterinum) NOT Group Armeria serpentini NOT Group Carex digitata NOT Group Epilobium angustifolium NOT Quercus petraea agg. cover > 15 % NOT Sesleria caerulea cover > 5 %

Source: Zelený D. (2013): LFB04 Asplenio cuneifolii-Pinetum sylvestris Pišta ex Husová in Husová et al. 2002. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 401-404.