Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance LFC
Piceion abietis Pawłowski et al. 1928

This alliance comprises zonal climax forests of Picea abies in the supramontane belt of central European mountains as well as natural azonal spruce forests on soils affected by high water table at lower altitudes. Sorbus aucuparia is a frequent subcanopy tree in the zonal subtype and Betula pubescens in the azonal one. The herb layer is poor in species, dominated by acidophilous grasses and/or Vaccinium myrtillus. The moss layer is well developed and rich in species of mosses and hepatics. Soils are acidic and nutrient-poor with a thick layer of poorly decomposed litter. The range of this alliance extends from the mountain areas of central Europe and Scandinavia to the lowlands of eastern Europe.

Nomen mutatum propositum

Orig. (Pawłowski et al. 1928): Piceion excelsae-Verband

Syn.: Vaccinio-Piceion Br.-Bl. 1939 p. p., Athyrio alpestris-Piceion Sękora 1971

Diagnostic species: Picea abies; Athyrium distentifolium, Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis villosa, Dryopteris dilatata, Galium saxatile, Homogyne alpina, Luzula sylvatica, Lycopodium annotinum, Streptopus amplexifolius, Trientalis europaea, Vaccinium myrtillus; Barbilophozia lycopodioides, Bazzania trilobata, Dicranum scoparium, Lepidozia reptans, Plagiothecium undulatum, Polytrichum commune, P. formosum, Rhytidiadelphus loreus, Sphagnum girgensohnii

Constant species: Picea abies; Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis villosa, Dryopteris dilatata, Homogyne alpina, Oxalis acetosella, Trientalis europaea, Vaccinium myrtillus; Dicranum scoparium, Polytrichum formosum, Sphagnum girgensohnii

Source: Chytrę M. (2013): LFC Piceion abietis Pawłowski et al. 1928. In: Chytrę M. (ed.), Vegetace Èeské republiky. 4. Lesní a kűovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 404-406.