Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LFC03
Equiseto sylvatici-Piceetum abietis ©marda 1950

Equiseto sylvatici-Piceetum abietis

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This is a forest dominated by Picea abies, locally accompanied by Abies alba, with a herb layer composed of species typical of spruce forests on mesic soils such as acidophilous grasses and Vaccinium myrtillus, and species typical of wet nutrient-rich soils. The moss layer is well developed, containing many hygrophilous species including those of the genus Sphagnum. It occurs on flat bottoms of broad valleys and basins with wet acidic soils and temperature inversions caused by cold air pooling. In most cases these forests grow in small patches surrounded by beech or mixed beech-conifer forests. On average they occur at lower altitudes than the previous two associations of spruce forests.

Nomen mutatum propositum et nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (J. ©marda 1950): Piceetum-Equisetum sylvatici (Picea excelsa = P. abies)

Diagnostic species: Picea abies; Calamagrostis villosa, Cardamine amara (excl. subsp. opicii), Chaerophyllum hirsutum, Chrysosplenium alternifolium, Circaea alpina, Crepis paludosa, Dryopteris dilatata, Equisetum sylvaticum, Luzula sylvatica, Lycopodium annotinum, Petasites albus, Phegopteris connectilis, Soldanella montana, Stellaria nemorum; Bazzania trilobata, Calypogeia azurea, Dicranodontium denudatum, Hylocomium splendens, Mnium hornum, Mylia taylorii, Pellia neesiana, Polytrichum commune, P. formosum, Rhizomnium punctatum, Rhynchostegium riparioides, Scapania undulata, Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. girgensohnii, S. palustre, S. squarrosum

Constant species: Picea abies; Athyrium filix-femina, Calamagrostis villosa, Caltha palustris, Cardamine amara (excl. subsp. opicii), Chaerophyllum hirsutum, Chrysosplenium alternifolium, Crepis paludosa, Deschampsia cespitosa, Dryopteris dilatata, Equisetum sylvaticum, Luzula sylvatica, Myosotis palustris agg. (M. nemorosa), Oxalis acetosella, Petasites albus, Senecio nemorensis agg., Soldanella montana, Stellaria nemorum, Vaccinium myrtillus; Bazzania trilobata, Calypogeia azurea, Dicranodontium denudatum, Polytrichum commune, P. formosum, Rhizomnium punctatum, Scapania undulata, Sphagnum girgensohnii, S. squarrosum

Dominant species: Picea abies; Calamagrostis villosa, Equisetum sylvaticum; Polytrichum formosum

Formal definition: Picea abies cover > 25 % AND Group Cardamine amara NOT Group Carex remota NOT Group Cirsium oleraceum NOT Group Epilobium angustifolium NOT Group Galium odoratum NOT Group Lysimachia vulgaris NOT Group Mercurialis perennis NOT Group Urtica dioica NOT Abies alba cover > 5 % NOT Acer pseudoplatanus cover > 5 % NOT Adenostyles alliariae cover > 5 % NOT Alnus glutinosa cover > 5 % NOT Alnus incana cover > 5 % NOT Athyrium distentifolium cover > 5.% NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 5 % NOT Pinus sylvestris cover > 5 %

Source: Chytrý M. (2013): LFC03 Equiseto sylvatici-Piceetum abietis ©marda 1950. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 414-416.