Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LFC04
Soldanello montanae-Piceetum abietis Volk in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939

Soldanello montanae-Piceetum abietis

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

Soldanello-Piceetum is a spruce forest type with a species-poor herb layer composed of the ericoid shrubs Vaccinium myrtillus and V. vitis-idaea, the grasses Avenella flexuosa and Calamagrostis villosa and acidophilous shade-tolerant ferns and herbs. The cover of the moss layer usually exceeds 50%; it is characterized by extensive mats of the hepatic Bazzania trilobata, hygrophilous mosses characteristic of initial peat formation on forest soil, e.g. Polytrichum commune and Sphagnum spp., and also bryophytes of mesic forest soils. It occurs at the bottoms of broad valleys and basins in the submontane and montane belts, most often in the altitudinal range of 700–1000 m. These habitats are characterized by high humidity and frequent accumulations of cold air. Many sites occur near the margins of mires and the water table is high. This association occurs in most mountainous areas of the Czech Republic, but in many cases it is only developed on a small scale.

Nomen mutatum propositum

Orig. (Braun-Blanquet et al. 1939): Soldanelleto-Piceetum Volk 1939 mss. (Soldanella montana, Picea excelsa = P. abies)

Syn.: Sphagno-Piceetum Richard 1961, Mastigobryo-Piceetum sensu auct. bohem. non Br.-Bl. et Sissingh in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939 (pseudonym), Bazzanio-Piceetum sensu auct. bohem. non Br.-Bl. et Sissingh in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939 (pseudonym)

Diagnostic species: Picea abies; Calamagrostis villosa, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Bazzania trilobata, Calypogeia integristipula, Dicranodontium denudatum, Dicranum scoparium, Lepidozia reptans, Polytrichum commune, Sphagnum girgensohnii

Constant species: Picea abies; Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis villosa, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Bazzania trilobata, Dicranum scoparium, Polytrichum commune, P. formosum, Sphagnum girgensohnii

Dominant species: Picea abies; Calamagrostis villosa, Vaccinium myrtillus; Bazzania trilobata, Dicranum scoparium, Polytrichum commune, Sphagnum girgensohnii

Formal definition: Picea abies cover > 25 % AND (Bazzania trilobata cover > 5 % OR (Sphagnum girgensohnii cover > 25 % AND Group Bazzania trilobata)) NOT Group Eriophorum vaginatum NOT Group Oxalis acetosella NOT Abies alba cover > 5 % NOT Athyrium distentifolium cover > 5 % NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 5 % NOT Pinus sylvestris cover > 5 %

Source: Chytrý M. (2013): LFC04 Soldanello montanae-Piceetum abietis Volk in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 416-419.