Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance LFD
Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968

The alliance Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinion includes peatland forests dominated by Betula pubescens, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris or P. uncinata subsp. uliginosa. Their herb layer contains chamaephytes typical of peatlands (Rhododendron tomentosum, Vaccinium oxycoccos and V. uliginosum), ericoid dwarf shrubs of mesic soils (Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus and V. vitis-idaea) and acidophilous graminoids typical of both peatlands and mineral soils. The well developed moss layer contains various species of Sphagnum and other peatland mosses as well as bryophytes typical of wet soils. This alliance occurs in peatland complexes across the boreal and temperate zones of Europe. Betula pubescens more frequently dominates in the west of its range, Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris in the east, and Pinus uncinata subsp. uliginosa in the mountain ranges of central Europe.

Orig. (Passarge 1968): Uliginosi-Pinionsilvestris (Vaccinium uliginosum)

Syn.: Betulion pubescentis Lohmeyer et Tüxen in Tüxen 1955 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Ledo-Pinion Tüxen 1955 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Betulion pubescentis Lohmeyer et Tüxen ex Scamoni et Passarge 1959 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Sphagno-Betulion pubescentis Doing 1962 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Eriophoro-Betulion pubescentis Passarge 1968, Sphagno-Betulion pubescentis Passarge 1968, Vaccinio uliginosi-Piceion abietis Passarge 1968, Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinion sylvestris Vorobjov et al. 1997

Diagnostic species: Betula pubescens, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, P. uncinata subsp. uliginosa; Andromeda polifolia, Calluna vulgaris, Empetrum nigrum agg., Eriophorum vaginatum, Melampyrum pratense, Molinia caerulea agg. (predominantly M. caerulea s. str.), Rhododendron tomentosum, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. oxycoccos agg. (predominantly V. oxycoccos s. str.), V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea; Bazzania trilobata, Pleurozium schreberi, Polytrichum commune, P. strictum, Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. girgensohnii, S. magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l., S. russowii

Constant species: Picea abies; Calluna vulgaris,.Eriophorum vaginatum, Melampyrum pratense, Molinia caerulea agg., Vaccinium myrtillus, V. oxycoccos agg. (predominantly V. oxycoccos s. str.), V. uliginosum,.V. vitis-idaea; Pleurozium schreberi, Polytrichum commune, Sphagnum magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l.

Source: Navrátilová J. & Chytrý M. (2013): LFD Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 419-421.