Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LFD01
Vaccinio uliginosi-Betuletum pubescentis Libbert 1933

Vaccinio uliginosi-Betuletum pubescentis

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This vegetation type is dominated by Betula pubescens, but other trees and shrubs adapted to wet acidic soils can also occur. The herb layer is often dominated by the grass Molinia caerulea while peatland species such as Vaccinium oxycoccos and V. uliginosum are also common. The well developed moss layer is dominated by Sphagnum spp., accompanied by mosses typical of mineral forest soils. This vegetation develops on wet organic soils in mire complexes, usually in a mosaic of various types of open mire vegetation and coniferous peatland forests. Peatland birch forests develop on wetter sites than peatland pine forests. They often represent young stages of forest succession on peatlands, e.g. on margins of open mires or after disturbance of previously forested sites on peat. In the Czech Republic the stands of this association are scattered in mountain areas and basins with peatland formation.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Libbert 1933): Betula pubescens-Vaccinium uliginosum-Assoziation

Syn.: Betulo-ledetum callunosum de Kleist 1929 (§ 3e), Betuletum pubescentis Tüxen 1937

Diagnostic species: Betula pubescens, Salix aurita; Eriophorum vaginatum, Molinia caerulea agg., Vaccinium oxycoccos agg., V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea; Polytrichum commune, Sphagnum magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l.

Constant species: Betula pubescens, Pinus sylvestris; Calluna vulgaris, Eriophorum vaginatum, Molinia caerulea agg., Vaccinium myrtillus, V. oxycoccos agg., V. vitis-idaea; Polytrichum commune, Sphagnum recurvum s. l.

Dominant species: Betula pendula, B. pubescens; Calluna vulgaris, Eriophorum vaginatum, Molinia caerulea agg.; Polytrichum commune, Sphagnum recurvum s. l.

Formal definition: (Betula pendula cover > 25 % OR Betula pubescens cover > 25 %) AND Sphagnum sp. cover > 25 % NOT Abies alba cover > 5 % NOT Alnus glutinosa cover > 5 % NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 5.% NOT Picea abies cover > 25 % NOT Pinus uncinata subsp. uliginosa cover > 25 % NOT Pinus sylvestris cover > 25 %

Source: Navrátilová J. (2013): LFD01 Vaccinio uliginosi-Betuletum pubescentis Libbert 1933. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 421-424.