Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LFD02
Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinetum sylvestris de Kleist 1929

Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinetum sylvestris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

These are peatland forests dominated by Pinus sylvestris. Their canopy is denser than in the similar association Sphagno-Pinetum sylvestris, which belongs to the class Oxycocco-Sphagnetea. The herb layer contains a significant component of dwarf shrubs such as Calluna vulgaris, Rhododendron tomentosum, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum and V. vitis-idaea, accompanied by bog specialists. The moss layer contains Sphagnum spp. together with forest species of mineral soils. This is a terminal successional stage of bogs at low altitudes. Soils are either strongly mineralized peat or mineral soil with peat formation. The water table is usually 30 cm below ground or deeper. This association occurs in some mountain areas and basins in the Bohemian Massif.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (de Kleist 1929): Pineto-vaccinietum uliginosi (Pinus sylvestris)

Diagnostic species: Betula pubescens, Frangula alnus, Pinus sylvestris, P. uncinata subsp. uliginosa;.Eriophorum vaginatum, Molinia caerulea agg. (predominantly M. caerulea s. str.),.Rhododendron tomentosum, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. oxycoccos agg. (predominantly V. oxycoccos s. str.), V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea; Dicranum bonjeanii, Pleurozium schreberi, Polytrichum strictum, Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l.

Constant species: Betula pubescens, Frangula alnus, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris; Calluna vulgaris, Eriophorum vaginatum, Molinia caerulea agg. (predominantly M. caerulea s. str.), Vaccinium myrtillus, V. oxycoccos agg. (predominantly V. oxycoccos s. str.), V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea; Aulacomnium palustre, Pleurozium schreberi, Polytrichum commune, P. strictum, Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l.

Dominant species: Pinus sylvestris; Molinia caerulea agg. (predominantly M. caerulea s. str.), Rhododendron tomentosum, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum; Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. recurvum s. l.

Formal definition: Pinus sylvestris cover > 5 % AND Group Eriophorum vaginatum AND Group Vaccinium vitis.idaea NOT Betula pendula cover > 25 % NOT Betula pubescens cover > 25 % NOT Pinus uncinata subsp. uliginosa cover > 5 %

Source: Navrátilová J. (2013): LFD02 Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinetum sylvestris de Kleist 1929. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 424-426.