Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LFD03
Vaccinio-Pinetum montanae Oberdorfer 1934

Vaccinio-Pinetum montanae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

Vaccinio-Pinetum montanae is an association of closed peatland forest dominated by Pinus uncinata subsp. uliginosa. Its herb layer contains dwarf shrubs Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea, in places also Rhododendron tomentosum, and species typical of bogs. The moss layer is characterized by Sphagnum recurvum s. l. and other peat mosses, as well as mosses of mineral soils. It occurs in the same areas as the association Ledo palustris-Pinetum uncinatae of the class Oxycocco-Sphagnetea, but it is confined to sites with a lower water table, most often caused by artificial draining. The soil is partly mineralized peat. In the Czech Republic Vaccinio-Pinetum montanae occurs in some mountainous areas and basins of the Bohemian Massif, generally at higher altitudes than the association Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinetum sylvestris.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Oberdorfer 1934): Pineto-Vaccinietum (Pinus montana = P. uncinata subsp. uliginosa, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. oxycoccos, V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea)

Syn.: Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinetum montanae Bartsch et Bartsch 1940, Sphagno-Pinetum mugo Kuoch 1954, Pino rotundatae-Sphagnetum Neuhäusl 1969 p. p.

Diagnostic species: Betula pubescens, Pinus uncinata subsp. uliginosa; Andromeda polifolia, Calluna vulgaris, Empetrum nigrum agg., Eriophorum vaginatum, Rhododendron tomentosum, Vaccinium myrtillus,.V. oxycoccos agg. (predominantly V. oxycoccos s. str.), V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea; Pleurozium schreberi, Polytrichum commune, P. strictum, Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l.

Constant species: Picea abies, Pinus uncinata subsp. uliginosa; Calluna vulgaris, Eriophorum vaginatum, Melampyrum pratense, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. oxycoccos agg. (predominantly V. oxycoccos s. str.), V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea; Pleurozium schreberi, Polytrichum commune, P. strictum, Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l.

Dominant species: Betula pubescens, Pinus uncinata subsp. uliginosa; Eriophorum vaginatum, Rhododendron tomentosum, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum; Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l.

Formal definition: Pinus uncinata subsp. uliginosa cover > 25 % AND Group Eriophorum vaginatum AND Group Vaccinium vitis.idaea

Source: Navrátilová J. (2013): LFD03 Vaccinio-Pinetum montanae Oberdorfer 1934. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 426-429.