Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association MCA03
Typhetum latifoliae Nowiński 1930

Typhetum latifoliae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

Marshes dominated by Typha latifolia occur in different types of mesotrophic to eutrophic wetlands, such as littoral zones of fishponds and water reservoirs, oxbows and alluvial pools, sand pits in an advanced stage of terrestrialization, lentic sections of rivers, ditches, channels and flooded depressions on arable land. Water depths are usually within the range of 10–60(–100) cm, but the habitat can dry out in summer. In contrast to early successional Typhetum angustifoliae, this association is confined to habitats in a later stage of wetland succession, which are characterized by accumulation of organic sediment on the bottom. Typhetum latifoliae occurs in lowland to submontane areas across the Czech Republic.

Orig. (Nowiński 1930): Typhetum latifoliae

Syn.: Scirpo-Phragmitetum Koch 1926 p. p. (§ 36, nomen ambiguum), Typhetum latifoliae von Soó 1927 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Typhetum angustifolio.latifoliae Schmale 1939 p. p., Typhetum latifoliae Lang 1973

Diagnostic species: Typha latifolia

Constant species: Lemna minor, Typha latifolia

Dominant species: Lemna minor, Typha latifolia

Formal definition: Typha latifolia cover > 25 %

Source: Šumberová K. (2011): MCA03 Typhetum latifoliae Nowiński 1930. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 401-405.