Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association MCA04
Phragmitetum australis Savič 1926

Phragmitetum australis

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association includes tall, dense reed beds of Phragmites australis, a grass with a broad ecological range, occurring in oligotrophic to eutrophic, acidic to basic, and even brackish wetlands. It occurs in fishpond littoral zones, oxbows, alluvial pools, flooded pits, ditches, channels, on fluvial deposits, mire edges, abandoned wet meadows and flooded depressions on arable land. This kind of marshes is mostly found at a water depth of 10–50 cm, but it can also occur both in much deeper water or on sites that are not flooded at all. In the Czech Republic this is the most common vegetation type of marshes, occurring from the lowlands to montane areas.

Nomen mutatum propositum

Orig. (Savič 1926a): Phragmitetum communis .Phragmites communis = P. australis)

Syn.: Scirpo-Phragmitetum Koch 1926 p. p. (§ 2b, nomen ambiguum), Phragmitetum lacustre Gams 1927, Phragmitetum vulgaris von Soó 1927á, Phragmitetum communis (Gams 1927) Schmale 1939, Riccietum fluitantis Slavnić 1956, á, Calystegio-Phragmitetum Golub et Mirkin 1986

Diagnostic species: Phragmites australis

Constant species: Phragmites australis

Dominant species: Phragmites australis

Formal definition: Phragmites australis cover > 50 % NOT Thelypteris palustris cover > 25 %

Source: Šumberová K. (2011): MCA04 Phragmitetum australis Savič 1926. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 405-409.