Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association MCC04
Eleocharito palustris-Hippuridetum vulgaris Passarge 1964

Eleocharito palustris-Hippuridetum vulgaris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This vegetation type is represented by submerged aquatic stands of Hippuris vulgaris in deep water and emergent stands in shallow water or on exposed bottoms. It occurs in fishponds with calcium-rich and in some cases also brackish water. In the Czech Republic it occurs at a few sites in warm areas, but this is probably due to the rare occurrence of mineral-rich wetlands in cooler parts of the country. Outside the country it also occurs in cool areas. The number of localities in the Czech Republic has decreased due to eutrophication and the spread of competitively stronger wetland plants during recent decades.

Orig. (Passarge 1964): Eleocharido-Hippuridetum Pass. 55 (Eleocharis palustris. Hippuris vulgaris)

Syn.: Hippuridetum vulgaris Rübel 1912 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Hippuridetum vulgaris Eggler 1933 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Eleocharis palustris-Hippuris vulgaris-Gesellschaft Passarge 1955 (§ 3c), vég. à Hippuris vulgaris Corillion 1957 (§ 3c), Hippuridetum submersae Podbielkowski et Tomaszewicz 1981

Diagnostic species: Cyperus fuscus, Hippuris vulgaris, Juncus gerardii. Lotus tenuis. Pulicaria dysenterica. Samolus valerandi

Constant species: Hippuris vulgaris

Dominant species: Cyperus fuscus, Hippuris vulgaris, Plantago uliginosa, Potamogeton natans, Veronica anagallis-aquatica

Formal definition: Hippuris vulgaris cover > 25 %

Source: Šumberová K. & Hroudová Z. (2011): MCC04 Eleocharito palustris-Hippuridetum vulgaris Passarge 1964. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 456-462.