Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association MCG08
Cladietum marisci Allorge 1921

Cladietum marisci

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This species-poor type of marsh vegetation is dominated by dense stands of the tall sedge Cladium mariscus, which is typical of calcareous fens in an advanced stage of terrestrialization. It occurs in water up to 100 cm deep, but can also be found in places where water is below the soil surface for most of the growing season. Natural habitats include puddles and the surroundings of springs in lowland fen complexes, however, it also occurs in man-made habitats such as wet pits in calcareous bedrock. This is a relict vegetation type, which used to be more common in lowland fens in the early Holocene, but has retreated due to loam sedimentation and the draining and conversion of fens into arable land. Currently it is found at four sites in the middle Labe area between Mělník and Lysá nad Labem.

Orig. (Allorge 1921): Association à Cladium Mariscus

Syn.: Phragmito-Cladietum marisci Soó 1930, Mariscetum serrati Zobrist 1935

Diagnostic species: Cladium mariscus, Juncus subnodulosus, Phragmites australis

Constant species: Cladium mariscus, Juncus subnodulosus, Phragmites australis

Dominant species: Cladium mariscus

Formal definition: Cladium mariscus cover > 25 %

Source: Sádlo J. (2011): MCG08 Cladietum marisci Allorge 1921. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 546-548.