Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association MCH03
Caricetum gracilis Savič 1926

Caricetum gracilis

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This marsh type is dominated by the tall sedge Carex acuta. It occurs in shallow, eutrophic, or less frequently mesotrophic wetlands such as in the littoral zones of fishponds, water reservoirs, oxbows, alluvial pools, fish storage ponds, river banks, ditches and shallow depressions in meadows. Water depth is usually up to 10 cm, but the water table can drop below the soil surface for long periods in summer. The substrate is usually poorer in base cations than in other associations of the alliance Magno-Caricion gracilis. This vegetation type is common in lowlands and mid-altitudes of the Czech Republic; it also occurs in some submontane areas.

Orig. (Savič 1926b): ass. Caricetum gracilis .Carex gracilis = C. acuta)

Syn.: Caricetum acutiformi-gracilis von Soó 1927 p. p., Caricetum gracilis Graebner et Hueck 1931, Caricetum gracilis Eggler 1933, Caricetum gracilis (Almquist 1929) Tüxen 1937

Diagnostic species: Carex acuta

Constant species: Carex acuta, Galium palustre agg.

Dominant species: Carex acuta

Formal definition: Carex acuta cover > 50 % NOT Group Caltha palustris NOT Group Cirsium oleraceum NOT Group Cirsium rivulare NOT Group Lathyrus palustris NOT Group Lychnis flos-cuculi NOT Acorus calamus cover > 25 % NOT Carex cespitosa cover > 25 % NOT Equisetum fluviatile cover > 25 % NOT Glyceria maxima cover > 25 % NOT Phragmites australis cover > 25 %

Source: Šumberová K. (2011): MCH03 Caricetum gracilis Savič 1926. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 561-565.