Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Class RA
Montio-Cardaminetea Br.-Bl. et Tüxen ex Klika et Hadač 1944
Vegetation of springs

RAA Caricion remotae

RAB Lycopodo europaei-Cratoneurion commutati

RAC Epilobio nutantis-Montion fontanae

RAD Swertio perennis-Dichodontion palustris

The class Montio-Cardaminetea comprises vegetation developing in springs with cold and well oxygenated water. Cold water with low nutrient content reduces vascular plant productivity, while leading to increasing bryophyte cover. Enhanced input of nutrients can therefore quickly change the structure of spring vegetation to the benefit of vascular plants. With increasing distance from a spring, flow rates and oxygenation decrease and spring vegetation is replaced by other communities, typically mire and fen vegetation of the class Scheuchzerio palustris-Caricetea nigrae. Spring vegetation occurs across a broad altitudinal range from lowlands to the subalpine belt, both in open places and under forest canopies.

Orig. (Klika & Hadač 1944): Montio-Cardaminetea Br.-Bl. et Tüxen 1943

Syn.: Montio-Cardaminetea Br.-Bl. et Tüxen 1943 (§ 2b, nomen nudum)

Diagnostic species: Athyrium filix-femina, Cardamine amara subsp. amara et austriaca, Carex remota. Chaerophyllum hirsutum, Chrysosplenium alternifolium, Crepis paludosa. Impatiens noli-tangere. Lysimachia nemorum. Petasites albus. Stellaria alsine. S. nemorum. Viola biflora; Brachythecium rivulare. Conocephalum conicum. Philonotis seriata. Rhizomnium punctatum

Constant species: Cardamine amara subsp. amara et austriaca. Chaerophyllum hirsutum. Chrysosplenium alternifolium. Myosotis palustris agg.

Source: Hájková P. & Hájek M. (2011): RA Montio-Cardaminetea Br.-Bl. et Tüxen ex Klika et Hadač 1944. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 580-582.