Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association RBB02
Campylio stellati-Trichophoretum alpini Březina et al. 1963

Campylio stellati-Trichophoretum alpini

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This association is dominated by short sedges, and often by Trichophorum alpinum. Rhynchospora alba may reach high cover values. This vegetation type is less productive than that of other associations of the alliance Sphagno warnstorfii-Tomentypnion nitentis, containing fewer grasses and broad-leaved plants due to lower nutrient availability and permanent saturation with water or periods of shallow inundation. Moss layer is dominated by brown mosses such as Hamatocaulis vernicosus and Scorpidium cossonii, among which the calcium-tolerant peat moss Sphagnum contortum is frequently admixted. Peat layer is usually shallow. In the Czech Republic, Campylio-Trichophoretum occurs in the Třeboň basin and the Bohemian-Moravian Uplands. Ecologically similar fen habitats also occur in other regions, but they do not contain diagnostic species of this association, probably due to historical reasons.

Nomen mutatum propositum

Orig. (Březina et al. 1963): Chrysohypno-Trichophoretum alpini, ass. n. (Chrysohypnum stellatum = Campylium stellatum)

Syn.: Trichophoretum alpini Paul 1910 (§ 36, nomen ambiguum), Campylio stellati-Caricetum dioicae sensu Dierssen 1982 p. p. non Osvald 1925 (pseudonym)

Diagnostic species: Carex demissa, C. echinata. C. panicea, C. pulicaris, C. rostrata. Drosera anglica, D. rotundifolia, Eriophorum angustifolium. E. latifolium. Hieracium lactucella, Juncus alpinoarticulatus, J. articulatus, J. bulbosus, Linum catharticum. Menyanthes trifoliata, Parnassia palustris, Pedicularis palustris. Potentilla erecta, Rhynchospora alba, Triglochin palustris, Trichophorum alpinum, Utricularia minor. Valeriana dioica; Aneura pinguis, Calliergon giganteum, Campylium stellatum, Fissidens adianthoides. Hamatocaulis vernicosus, Scorpidium revolvens s. l. (predominantly S. cossonii), Sphagnum contortum, S. warnstorfii, Tomentypnum nitens

Constant species: Agrostis canina. Carex demissa, C. echinata, C. nigra, C. panicea, C. pulicaris, C. rostrata, Cirsium palustre, Drosera rotundifolia, Equisetum palustre, Eriophorum angustifolium, Juncus articulatus. J. bulbosus. Linum catharticum. Menyanthes trifoliata. Parnassia palustris, Potentilla erecta, Rhynchospora alba, Trichophorum alpinum, Valeriana dioica. Viola palustris; Aneura pinguis, Campylium stellatum, Fissidens adianthoides. Scorpidium revolvens s. l. (predominantly S. cossonii), Sphagnum contortum. S. warnstorfii. Tomentypnum nitens

Dominant species: Carex demissa, C. panicea, Rhynchospora alba, Trichophorum alpinum; Campylium stellatum, Scorpidium revolvens s. l. (predominantly S. cossonii), Sphagnum contortum. S. warnstorfii

Formal definition: (Rhynchospora alba cover > 5 % OR Trichophorum alpinum cover > 5 %) AND ((Campylium stellatum cover > 5 % OR Group Sphagnum warnstorfii) AND Sphagnum sp. cover > 5 %) NOT Group Anthoxanthum odoratum

Source: Hájek M. & Hájková P. (2011): RBB02 Campylio stellati-Trichophoretum alpini Březina et al. 1963. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 653-656.