Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance RBE
Sphagnion cuspidati Krajina 1933

This alliance includes species-poor communities of dystrophic bog hollows co-dominated by Carex limosa. C. rostrata, Eriophorum angustifolium and Scheuchzeria palustris. The herb layer is sparse, but bryophytes can reach cover values up to 100%. In areas of air pollution some Sphagnum species can be substituted by hepatics (e.g. Gymnocolea inflata) and algae. Bog hollows are maintained by the action of frost and water input from precipitation. This alliance is distributed in the boreal zone of northern Europe and mountainous areas of central Europe, but rarely it occurs also at lower altitudes in central and western Europe.

Orig. (Krajina 1933b): Sphagnion cuspidati

Syn.: Leuko-Scheuchzerion Nordhagen 1943, Rhynchosporion albae sensu auct. non Koch 1926 (pseudonym, § 36, nomen ambiguum)

Diagnostic species: Andromeda polifolia, Carex limosa, Drosera rotundifolia. Eriophorum angustifolium. E. vaginatum. Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Scheuchzeria palustris; Gymnocolea inflata, Sphagnum cuspidatum, S. majus. S. recurvum s. l., Warnstorfia fluitans

Constant species: Carex limosa. Oxycoccus palustris s. l.; Sphagnum cuspidatum, Warnstorfia fluitans

Source: Hájek M. & Hájková P. (2011): RBE Sphagnion cuspidati Krajina 1933. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 695-697.