Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance RCA
Sphagnion magellanici Kästner et Flössner 1933

This alliance includes species-poor vegetation of both open and wooded bogs in continental to subcontinental areas. Communities are dominated by hummock-forming Sphagnum species, small shrubs and species of Cyperaceae. Open bog vegetation is restricted to deep peat with a stable water regime and to suboceanic regions with high precipitation, whereas wooded bog vegetation is more common on shallow peat with fluctuating water level. Wooded bogs are characterized by a semi-open canopy made up of Pinus species, more rarely by Picea abies and Betula species.

Nomen mutatum propositum

Orig. (Kästner & Flössner 1933): Sphagnion medii .Sphagnum medium = S. magellanicum)

Syn.: Sphagnion fusci Br.-Bl. 1926 (§ 2b, nomen nudum)

Diagnostic species: Pinus mugo; Andromeda polifolia, Calluna vulgaris. Carex pauciflora, Empetrum nigrum s. l., Eriophorum vaginatum, Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea; Polytrichum commune. P. strictum. Sphagnum capillifolium s. l. (S. rubellum), S. magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l., S. russowii

Constant species: Andromeda polifolia. Calluna vulgaris, Eriophorum vaginatum, Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Vaccinium myrtillus. V. uliginosum; Sphagnum recurvum s. l.

Source: Hájková P. & Hájek M. (2011): RCA Sphagnion magellanici Kästner et Flössner 1933. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 708-710.