Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association RCA02
Andromedo polifoliae-Sphagnetum magellanici Bogdanovskaja-Gienev 1928

Andromedo polifoliae-Sphagnetum magellanici

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This vegetation type is composed predominantly of dwarf shrubs and Sphagnum magellanicum. S. rubellum and S. russowii forming small hummocks. It occupies central parts of ombrotrophic bogs. Water level is permanently high. The peat typically consists of undecomposed peat mosses and branches of small shrubs. In the Czech Republic this vegetation occurs mainly in the mountainous areas of the Bohemian Massif along the international border.

Orig. (Bogdanovskaja-Gienev 1928): Ass. Andromeda polifolia-Sphagnum magellanicum

Syn.: Sphagnetum medii Kästner et Flössner 1933, Sphagno-Caricetum pauciflorae Klika et ©marda 1944, Sphagno robusti-Empetretum hermaphroditi Hadač et Váňa 1967 p. p., Sphagno robusti-Caricetum pauciflorae Hadač et Váňa 1969

Diagnostic species: Andromeda polifolia, Calluna vulgaris, Carex pauciflora, Empetrum nigrum s. l., Eriophorum vaginatum, Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Vaccinium uliginosum; Gymnocolea inflata. Polytrichum strictum. Sphagnum magellanicum. S. recurvum s. l. (predominantly S. fallax), S. russowii

Constant species: Andromeda polifolia, Calluna vulgaris. Carex pauciflora. Empetrum nigrum s. l., Eriophorum vaginatum, Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea; Polytrichum strictum. Sphagnum recurvum s. l. (predominantly S. fallax)

Dominant species: Carex pauciflora, Empetrum nigrum s. l., Eriophorum vaginatum, Vaccinium uliginosum; Sphagnum capillifolium s. l. (S. rubellum), S. magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l. (predominantly S. fallax), S. russowii

Formal definition: Group Andromeda polifolia NOT Group Nardus stricta NOT Group Viola palustris NOT Pinus mugo cover > 5 % NOT Pinus ×pseudopumilio cover > 5 % NOT Pinus rotundata cover > 5 % NOT Sphagnum fuscum cover > 5 % NOT Trichophorum cespitosum cover > 5 %

Source: Hájková P. & Hájek M. (2011): RCA02 Andromedo polifoliae-Sphagnetum magellanici Bogdanovskaja-Gienev 1928. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 712-715.