Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association RCA03
Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinetum mugo Lutz 1956

Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinetum mugo

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association includes mountain bogs dominated by up to 2 m tall stands of Pinus mugo and P. ×pseudopumilio reaching a cover up to 90 %. This vegetation occurs on shallower peat with a more strongly fluctuating water table than adjacent vegetation of open bogs. It often forms the border zone between open bogs and adjacent forests. In the Czech Republic this vegetation occurs in some mountain ranges of the Bohemian Massif along the international border.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Lutz 1956): Pinus Mugo-Vaccinium uliginosum-Assoziation

Syn.: Pinetum uncinatae Kästner & Flössner 1933 (§ 36, nomen ambiguum), Chamaemoro-Pinetum mugo (Zlatník 1928) Hadač et Váňa 1967, Pino rotundatae-Sphagnetum Neuhäusl 1969 p. p., Sphagno magellanici-Pinetum mugo Hadač et al. 1969, Pino mugo-Sphagnetum Dierßen 1978

Diagnostic species: Pinus mugo, Pinus .pseudopumilio. Andromeda polifolia. Calluna vulgaris, Empetrum nigrum s. l., Eriophorum vaginatum, Melampyrum pratense, Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Rubus chamaemorus. Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea; Cephalozia bicuspidata. Dicranum undulatum. Mylia anomala. Polytrichum strictum. Ptilidium ciliare. Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. magellanicum. S. recurvum s. l., S. russowii

Constant species: Pinus mugo; Calluna vulgaris. Empetrum nigrum s. l., Eriophorum vaginatum, Melampyrum pratense. Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea; Dicranum scoparium. Pleurozium schreberi. Polytrichum strictum. Sphagnum magellanicum, S. recurvum s. l.

Dominant species: Pinus mugo, Pinus .pseudopumilio; Eriophorum vaginatum, Rubus chamaemorus, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum; Polytrichum strictum. Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. fuscum, S. recurvum s. l., S. russowii

Formal definition: (Pinus mugo cover > 25 % OR Pinus ×pseudopumilio cover > 25 %) AND Group Eriophorum vaginatum

Source: Navrátilová J. (2011): RCA03 Vaccinio uliginosi-Pinetum mugo Lutz 1956. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 715-718.