Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association RCA04
Sphagno-Pinetum sylvestris Kobendza 1930

Sphagno-Pinetum sylvestris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

These continental and subcontinental wooded peatlands occur in lowlands and submontane basins of continental to subcontinental areas. They are dominated by Pinus sylvestris, which creates an open canopy, with an admixture of Betula species and Picea abies. This vegetation occupies mesotrophic and oligotrophic bogs which are at least partially supplied by ground water. It is adapted to strong water fluctuations. In the Czech Republic it is rare, occurring at some sites at low to mid-altitudes of the Bohemian Massif.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Kobendza 1930): Zespół – Association – Pineto-Sphagnetum .Pinus sylvestris. Sphagnum acutifolium = S. capillifolium. S. cuspidatum. S. cymbifolium = S. palustre. S. recurvum. S. squarrosum)

Syn.: Eriophoro vaginati-Pinetum sylvestris Hueck 1931, Ledo-Sphagnetum Sukopp 1959

Diagnostic species: Betula pubescens. Pinus sylvestris; Eriophorum vaginatum, Ledum palustre, Molinia caerulea s. l. (predominantly M. caerulea s. str.), Oxycoccus palustris s. l. (O. palustris), Vaccinium uliginosum; Polytrichum strictum. Sphagnum recurvum s. l.

Constant species: Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris; Eriophorum vaginatum, Molinia caerulea s. l. (predominantly M. caerulea s. str.), Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Vaccinium myrtillus. V. uliginosum; Polytrichum strictum. Sphagnum recurvum s. l.

Dominant species: Pinus sylvestris; Eriophorum vaginatum, Molinia caerulea s. l. (predominantly M. caerulea s. str.), Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum; Sphagnum capillifolium s. l., S. palustre, S. recurvum s. l.

Formal definition: Pinus sylvestris cover > 5 % AND Group Eriophorum vaginatum NOT Group Vaccinium vitis-idaea NOT Betula pendula cover > 25 % NOT Betula pubescens cover > 25 % NOT Pinus rotundata cover > 5 %

Source: Navrátilová J. (2011): RCA04 Sphagno-Pinetum sylvestris Kobendza 1930. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 718-721.