Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association RCB01
Trichophoro cespitosi-Sphagnetum papillosi Osvald 1923

Trichophoro cespitosi-Sphagnetum papillosi

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This suboceanic, ombrotrophic bog vegetation type is characterized by the dominance of Trichophorum cespitosum tussocks in the herb layer and Sphagnum papillosum and S. tenellum in the moss layer. Many suboceanic species common in western Europe are absent in this vegetation in the Czech Republic, but some of them (e.g. Erica tetralix and Lycopodiella inundata) do occur in places. This vegetation occupies permanently wet sites, often situated near bog hollows. In the Czech Republic, this association mainly occurs in the Jizerské hory Mountains, which receive the highest precipitation in the country.

Nomen mutatum propositum et nomen conservandum propositum

Orig. (Osvald 1923): Scirpus austriacus-Sphagnum papillosum-Ass. (Scirpus austriacus = Trichophorum cespitosum)

Syn.: Scirpetum cespitosi Osvald 1923 p. p. (§ 25), Sphagnetum medii subatlanticum Tüxen 1937, Erico-Sphagnetum magellanici Moore 1968 p. p., Eriophoro vaginati-Trichophoretum cespitosi (Osvald 1923) Steiner 1992 p. p.

Diagnostic species: Andromeda polifolia, Calluna vulgaris, Carex pauciflora, Drosera rotundifolia. Eriophorum vaginatum. Melampyrum pratense, Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Trichophorum cespitosum, Vaccinium uliginosum; Gymnocolea inflata, Polytrichum strictum. Sphagnum capillifolium s. l. (S. rubellum), S. majus, S. papillosum, S. recurvum s. l., S. tenellum

Constant species: Andromeda polifolia, Calluna vulgaris, Carex pauciflora. Drosera rotundifolia. Eriophorum vaginatum. Melampyrum pratense, Oxycoccus palustris s. l., Trichophorum cespitosum, Vaccinium uliginosum; Gymnocolea inflata. Polytrichum strictum. Sphagnum capillifolium s. l. (S. rubellum), S. majus, S. papillosum, S. recurvum s. l., S. tenellum

Dominant species: Calluna vulgaris, Trichophorum cespitosum; Sphagnum capillifolium s. l. (S. rubellum), S. papillosum, S. recurvum s. l.

Formal definition: Trichophorum cespitosum cover > 5 % AND (Sphagnum papillosum cover > 5 % OR Group Sphagnum papillosum)

Source: Hájková P. & Hájek M. (2011): RCB01 Trichophoro cespitosi-Sphagnetum papillosi Osvald 1923. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 3. Vodní a mokřadní vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 3. Aquatic and wetland vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 727-730.