Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association TDD01
Molinietum caeruleae Koch 1926

Molinietum caeruleae

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This association includes meadows of nutrient-poor, intermittently wet soils which regularly contain calcium carbonate. They are usually dominated by Molinia arundinacea or M. caerulea, but these species may be absent from some stands. It is distributed from lowlands to submontane areas in different parts of the Czech Republic, most commonly in southern and central Bohemia.

Orig. (Koch 1926): Molinietum coeruleae

Syn.: Silaëtum pratensis Knapp 1954, Sanguisorbo-Festucetum commutatae Balátová-Tuláčková 1959 p. p., Serratulo-Festucetum commutatae Balátová-Tuláčková 1966 p. p., Gentiano pneumonanthis-Molinietum litoralis Ilijanić 1968, Sanguisorbo-Festucetum pratensis Blažková 1973

Diagnostic species: Betonica officinalis, Carex umbrosa, Centaurea jacea, Galium boreale subsp. boreale, Molinia caerulea s. l., Sanguisorba officinalis, Scorzonera humilis, Selinum carvifolia, Serratula tinctoria, Succisa pratensis

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg. (predominantly A. millefolium s. str. a A. pratensis), Agrostis capillaris, Alchemilla vulgaris s. l., Alopecurus pratensis, Anthoxanthum odoratum s. l. (A. odoratum s. str.), Avenula pubescens, Betonica officinalis, Briza media, Cardamine pratensis agg. (C. matthioli a C. pratensis s. str.), Carex panicea, Centaurea jacea, Cirsium palustre, Dactylis glomerata, Deschampsia cespitosa, Festuca pratensis, F. rubra agg., Galium boreale subsp. boreale, Holcus lanatus, Lathyrus pratensis, Leucanthemum vulgare agg., Lotus corniculatus, Luzula campestris agg. (predominantly L. campestris s. str.), Lychnis flos-cuculi, Molinia caerulea s. l., Plantago lanceolata, Poa pratensis s. l., Potentilla erecta, Ranunculus acris, R. auricomus agg., Rumex acetosa, Sanguisorba officinalis, Selinum carvifolia, Serratula tinctoria, Stellaria graminea, Succisa pratensis, Trifolium pratense, Veronica chamaedrys agg. (V. chamaedrys s. str.), Vicia cracca; Climacium dendroides

Dominant species: Deschampsia cespitosa, Festuca rubra agg., Galium boreale subsp. boreale, Lathyrus pratensis, Molinia caerulea s. l., Sanguisorba officinalis

Formal definition: Group Serratula tinctoria AND Group Succisa pratensis

Source: Řezníčková M. (2007): TDD01 Molinietum caeruleae Koch 1926. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 210-213.