Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance TDF
Calthion palustris Tüxen 1937

The Calthion palustris wet meadows are dominated by broad-leaved tall forbs, especially species of the genus Cirsium. They occur in floodplains or around springs on rather wet, nutrient-rich soils and in habitats experiencing shallow spring floods. Although the ground water table usually decreases slightly in dry periods in summer, soils never dry out completely. The Calthion palustris meadows are most frequent in precipitation-rich areas at higher altitudes, but may also occur at water-logged sites with impeded draining in the lowlands. The typical Calthion palustris meadows are regularly mown, while abandoned stands are quickly overgrown by broad-leaved tall forbs such as Filipendula ulmaria. This alliance is widespread in oceanic and suboceanic regions of temperate Europe; scattered occurrences were recorded also from subcontinental Europe.

Orig. (Tüxen 1937): Calthion palustris Tx. 1937

Syn.: Filipendulo ulmariae-Petasition hybridi Br.-Bl. ex Duvigneaud 1949, Filipendulion ulmariae Segal 1966, Filipendulion ulmariae Lohmeyer in Oberdorfer et al. 1967; incl. Filipendulenion (Lohmeyer in Oberd. et al. 1967) Balátová-Tuláčková 1978

Diagnostic species: Angelica sylvestris, Caltha palustris, Galium uliginosum, Ranunculus auricomus agg., Scirpus sylvaticus

Constant species: Alopecurus pratensis, Angelica sylvestris, Caltha palustris, Carex nigra, Cirsium palustre, Deschampsia cespitosa, Festuca rubra agg., Filipendula ulmaria, Galium uliginosum, Holcus lanatus, Juncus effusus, Lathyrus pratensis, Lychnis flos-cuculi, Myosotis palustris agg., Poa trivialis, Ranunculus acris, R. auricomus agg., Rumex acetosa, Sanguisorba officinalis, Scirpus sylvaticus

Source: Hájková P. & Hájek M. (2007): TDF Calthion palustris Tüxen 1937. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 238-241.