Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association THD03
Festuco rupicolae-Caricetum humilis Klika 1939

Festuco rupicolae-Caricetum humilis

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This grassland type is dominated by the tussock-forming graminoids Carex humilis and Festuca rupicola, and it contains a suite of dry grassland generalist species. It occurs in warm, dry areas of northern and central Bohemia as well as in southern and central Moravia. Its stands are confined to slightly cooler or wetter habitats than would be the case of other associations of Festucion valesiacae. Soils are usually shallow to moderately deep, developed on both base-rich and slightly acidic bedrocks. It is a secondary vegetation type developed in habitats potentially supporting thermophilous oak or oak-hornbeam forests. This is traditionally grazed grassland. After abandonment it is affected by encroaching shrubs and spread of tall grasses such as Arrhenatherum elatius.

Nomen mutatum propositum

Orig. (Klika 1939): Subassoziation von Festuca sulcata-Carex humilis (Klika 1932) (Festuca sulcata-Carex humilis-Assoziation 1932, Caricetum humilis aut. div.) (Festuca sulcata ~ F. rupicola)

Syn.: Festuca sulcata-Carex humilis Klika 1933 (subassociation), Festuco sulcatae-Caricetum humilis Klika 1936 (§ 3f), sdružení Festuca ovina-sulcata-Phleum boehmeri Klika 1941 (§ 3c), Fragario-Festucetum rupicolae Bureš 1976, Festuco ovinae-Phleetum boehmeri Toman 1981, Ranunculo illyrici-Festucetum rupicolae Unar 2004

Diagnostic species: Centaurea stoebe, Dianthus carthusianorum s. l. (predominantly D. carthusianorum s. str.), Festuca rupicola, Koeleria macrantha, Potentilla arenaria

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg. (predominantly A. collina), Asperula cynanchica, Carex humilis, Centaurea stoebe, Dianthus carthusianorum s. l. (predominantly D. carthusianorum s. str.), Eryngium campestre, Euphorbia cyparissias, Festuca rupicola, Koeleria macrantha, Poa pratensis s. l., Potentilla arenaria

Dominant species: Artemisia campestris, Carex humilis, Festuca rupicola, Poa pratensis s. l.

Formal definition: (Carex humilis cover > 25 % OR Festuca rupicola cover > 25 %) AND Group Potentilla arenaria NOT Group Arrhenatherum elatius NOT Group Brachypodium pinnatum NOT Group Festuca pallens NOT Group Inula ensifolia NOT Group Jasione montana NOT Group Phleum phleoides NOT Group Trifolium arvense NOT Festuca valesiaca cover > 25 %

Source: Chytrý M. (2007): THD03 Festuco rupicolae-Caricetum humilis Klika 1939. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 416-417.