Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association THD04
Koelerio macranthae-Stipetum joannis Kolbek 1978

Koelerio macranthae-Stipetum joannis

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This association includes stands dominated by Stipa pennata or S. pulcherrima, rarely also by S. smirnovii and S. zalesskii. It is found on south-facing slopes in warm, dry areas of northern and central Bohemia and southern Moravia. It occurs on shallow to moderately deep soils, mainly over base-rich rocks, such as basalt, limestone, calcareous sandstone or conglomerate. At some sites it is the natural vegetation of forest-steppe vegetation complexes, while elsewhere it has developed after deforestation. Some Stipa stands rapidly regenerate after burning or spread into abandoned fields or landslides. More intensive grazing leads to an increase of cover of Stipa capillata, forming transitions to the association Festuco valesiacae-Stipetum capillatae.

Orig. (Kolbek 1978): Koelerio macranthae-Stipetum joannis ass. nova (Stipa joannis ~ S. pennata)

Syn.: Genisto tinctoriae-Stipetum joannis Tichý et al. 1997, Inulo oculi-christi-Stipetum pulcherrimae Tichý et al. 1997

Diagnostic species: Astragalus exscapus, Erysimum crepidifolium, Festuca valesiaca, Glaucium corniculatum, Oxytropis pilosa, Potentilla arenaria, Stipa capillata, S. pennata, S. pulcherrima, S. zalesskii, Teucrium chamaedrys

Constant species: Carex humilis, Centaurea stoebe, Echium vulgare, Eryngium campestre, Euphorbia cyparissias, Festuca rupicola, F. valesiaca, Koeleria macrantha, Potentilla arenaria, Stipa pennata, Teucrium chamaedrys

Dominant species: Carex humilis, Elytrigia repens, Stipa pennata, S. pulcherrima, S. zalesskii

Formal definition: Stipa pennata cover > 25 % OR Stipa pulcherrima cover > 25 % OR Stipa smirnovii cover > 25 % OR Stipa zalesskii cover > 25 %

Source: Chytrý M. (2007): THD04 Koelerio macranthae-Stipetum joannis Kolbek 1978. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 418-420.