Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association THF01
Carlino acaulis-Brometum erecti Oberdorfer 1957

Carlino acaulis-Brometum erecti

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This grassland type is mostly dominated by Brachypodium pinnatum and contains less thermophilous species than other Festuco-Brometea associations. It occurs in cooler and wetter areas than other types of dry grasslands. Its localities in warm areas are mostly found on north-facing slopes. The soils supporting this grasslands are usually calcareous, developed over limestone or various calcareous sediments. It is a secondary vegetation type at sites of former beech, oak-hornbeam or oak forests. Traditional management was light grazing or mowing. Today most sites are abandoned.

Orig. (Oberdorfer 1957): Carlino-Brometum ass. nov. (Mesobrometum montanum) (Carlina acaulis, C. vulgaris, Bromus erectus)

Syn.: Gentiano-Koelerietum pyramidatae Knapp ex Bornkamm 1960, Diantho deltoidis-Festucetum rupicolae Kolbek in Moravec et al. 1983, Teucrio chamaedrys-Festucetum rupicolae Unar et Grüll 1984, Lembotropido nigricantis-Brachypodietum pinnati Toman 1988, Phleo phleoidis-Koelerietum pyramidatae Toman 1988 p. p.

Diagnostic species: Anthyllis vulneraria, Brachypodium pinnatum, Carlina acaulis, Centaurea scabiosa, Helianthemum grandiflorum subsp. obscurum, Knautia arvensis agg., Koeleria pyramidata, Polygala comosa, Potentilla tabernaemontani, Sanguisorba minor, Securigera varia, Thymus pulegioides

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg., Anthyllis vulneraria, Arrhenatherum elatius, Brachypodium pinnatum, Briza media, Carlina acaulis, Centaurea scabiosa, Euphorbia cyparissias, Festuca rupicola, Fragaria viridis, Galium mollugo agg. (predominantly G. album subsp. album), G. verum agg., Helianthemum grandiflorum subsp. obscurum, Hypericum perforatum, Knautia arvensis agg., Koeleria pyramidata, Leontodon hispidus, Linum catharticum, Lotus corniculatus, Pimpinella saxifraga, Plantago lanceolata, P. media, Poa pratensis s. l., Potentilla tabernaemontani, Sanguisorba minor, Securigera varia, Thymus pulegioides; Thuidium abietinum

Dominant species: Brachypodium pinnatum, Festuca rupicola, Koeleria pyramidata; Hypnum cupressiforme s. l., Thuidium abietinum,

Formal definition: Group Brachypodium pinnatum AND Group Koeleria pyramidata NOT Group Cirsium acaule NOT Group Filipendula vulgaris NOT Group Inula ensifolia NOT Carex humilis cover > 25 % NOT Sesleria caerulea cover > 5 %

Source: Novák J. & Chytrý M. (2007): THF01 Carlino acaulis-Brometum erecti Oberdorfer 1957. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 444-446.