Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association THI02
Trifolio-Melampyretum nemorosi Dierschke 1973

Trifolio-Melampyretum nemorosi

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This herbaceous community is dominated by Melampyrum nemorosum and contains species of mesic meadows and those typical of the understorey of mesic broad-leaved forests. It is widespread in cooler and wetter colline landscapes, and occasionally occurs also in submontane areas. It occupies sites of potential oak-hornbeam or beech forests and often occurs in canopy openings or along the edges of these forests. The community has a scattered distribution throughout the country, but its true extent is still not sufficiently known.

Orig. (Dierschke 1973): Trifolio-Melampyretum nemorosi ass. nov. (Trifolium medium, T. pratense)

Syn: Stachys betonica-Melampyrum nemorosum-Gesellschaft Passarge 1967 (§ 3c), Stachyo-Melampyretum nemorosi Passarge 1967 (fantom)

Diagnostic species: Melampyrum nemorosum

Constant species: Agrostis capillaris, Arrhenatherum elatius, Dactylis glomerata, Festuca rubra agg., Melampyrum nemorosum, Poa pratensis s. l., Veronica chamaedrys agg.

Dominant species: Agrostis capillaris, Melampyrum nemorosum

Formal definition: Melampyrum nemorosum cover > 25 %

Source: Hoffmann A. (2007): THI02 Trifolio-Melampyretum nemorosi Dierschke 1973. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 468-470.