Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association XBI05
Matricario discoideae-Anthemidetum cotulae Dihoru ex Mucina 1987

Matricario discoideae-Anthemidetum cotulae

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This community is dominated by the aromatic species Anthemis cotula. It occurs especially in village fowl runs and near compost or dung heaps where soils are rich in nutrients. The habitat is more trampled and soils are more compacted and wetter than in the other Malvion neglectae associations. Small rills or pools of rain or dung water are present in some places. Phenological optimum of this vegetation type is in full and late summer. It has scattered distribution in the Czech Republic. Anthemis cotula is an endangered species which declines with urbanization of villages.

Nomen mutatum propositum

Orig. (Mucina 1987b): Matricario-Anthemidetum cotulae Dihoru ex Mucina (Matricaria discoidea, Dihoru 1975 reports as Matricaria matricarioides and Mucina 1987 as Chamomilla suaveolens)

Syn.: Matricario-Anthemidetum cotulae Dihoru 1975 prov. (§ 3b), Urtico-Anthemidetum cotulae Wollert 1991

Diagnostic species: Anthemis cotula, Leonurus cardiaca s. l., Malva neglecta. Persicaria mitis. Poa annua. Potentilla anserina. Urtica urens

Constant species: Anthemis cotula, Malva neglecta. Matricaria discoidea. Persicaria hydropiper. Plantago lanceolata. P. major, Poa annua, Polygonum aviculare agg., Potentilla anserina. Urtica dioica

Dominant species: Anthemis cotula, Persicaria amphibia, Potentilla anserina

Formal definition: Anthemis cotula cover > 15 % NOT Group Onopordum acanthium NOT Group Stellaria media NOT Malva neglecta cover > 5 % NOT Malva pusilla cover > 5 %

Source: Lososová Z. (2009): XBI05 Matricario discoideae-Anthemidetum cotulae Dihoru ex Mucina 1987. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 2. Ruderální, plevelová, skalní a su»ová vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 2. Ruderal, weed, rock and scree vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 185-186.