Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance XCB
Dauco carotae-Melilotion Görs ex Rostański et Gutte 1971

This alliance includes ruderal vegetation with a predominance of biennial and perennial species, often forming the initial stages of succession on anthropogenic substrates. It occurs on shallow soils with a high content of gravel or dross, which are dry and poor in nutrients. This vegetation type includes several symbiotic nitrogen-fixers of Fabaceae in its composition. Most stands are rich in species. This vegetation type existed already in the Middle Ages, but it spread extensively during the 20th century due to the development of road and railway network, building construction and mining activities. It contains a high proportion of both archaeophytes and neophytes. In the Czech Republic this vegetation type is most common in warm areas, but some types can also occur in cooler areas at higher altitudes.

Orig. (Rostański & Gutte 1971): Dauco-Melilotion Görs 66 (Daucus carota. Melilotus albus. M. officinalis)

Syn.: Dauco-Melilotion Görs 1966 (fantom)

Diagnostic species: Artemisia vulgaris. Echinops sphaerocephalus. Melilotus albus. Solidago canadensis. Tanacetum vulgare

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg., Artemisia vulgaris. Cirsium arvense. Elytrigia repens. Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia

Source: Láníková D. (2009): XCB Dauco carotae-Melilotion Görs ex Rostański et Gutte 1971. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 2. Ruderální, plevelová, skalní a su»ová vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 2. Ruderal, weed, rock and scree vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 226-227.