Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association XCE03
Hyoscyamo nigri-Conietum maculati Slavnić 1951

Hyoscyamo nigri-Conietum maculati

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This community is formed of stands of tall, broad-leaved herbs, dominated by Conium maculatum. It occurs in various ruderal habitats mainly in villages and their surroundings, e.g. around dung or compost heaps, at dumps, on old building rubble, at field margins and roadsides in agricultural landscapes. Currently it is on the decline in villages but increasing in open landscapes. Generally the habitats are sunny, warm and rich in nutrients. In the Czech Republic Hyoscyamo-Conietum occurs in warm lowland to colline areas.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Slavnić 1951): Ass. Conium-Hyoscyamus niger ass. nova (Conium maculatum)

Syn.: Lamio-Conietum Oberdorfer 1957, Conietum maculati Pop 1968

Diagnostic species: Ballota nigra, Conium maculatum, Lamium album

Constant species: Artemisia vulgaris. Ballota nigra, Conium maculatum, Convolvulus arvensis. Elytrigia repens. Galium aparine. Lamium album, Urtica dioica

Dominant species: Conium maculatum

Formal definition: Conium maculatum cover > 25 %

Source: Láníková D. (2009): XCE03 Hyoscyamo nigri-Conietum maculati Slavnić 1951. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 2. Ruderální, plevelová, skalní a su»ová vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 2. Ruderal, weed, rock and scree vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 283-285.