Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association XEA01
Senecioni-Epilobietum angustifolii Hueck 1931

Senecioni-Epilobietum angustifolii

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This vegetation type is characterized by rapid colonizers of disturbed sites in forest environments, such as the perennial Epilobium angustifolium and the annual Senecio sylvaticus. In successionally more developed stages, grasses such as Avenella flexuosa may dominate. It occurs mainly on well drained acidic soils on nutrient-poor bedrock such as granite and less frequently on nutrient-richer schists, which support stands with Atropa bella-donna. It is typical of deforested sites in places of former acidophilous oak or beech forests or conifer plantations on analogous sites. Other habitats include roadsides, strips of land around railways, boulder accumulations at forest edges, building ruins in forests or ski slopes.

Orig. (Hueck 1931): Senecio-Epilobium angustifolium-Assoziation (in the single relevé of the original diagnosis Senecio vernalis and S. vulgaris are recorded, and S. sylvaticus and S. viscosus are mentioned as further characteristic species outside the relevé)

Syn.: Atropo bellae-donnae-Epilobietum angustifolii Aichinger 1933, Atropo bellae-donnae-Epilobietum angustifolii Schwickerath 1933, Epilobio angustifolii-Senecionetum sylvatici Tüxen 1937, Carici leporinae-Agrostietum tenuis Hadač et Sýkora in Sýkora 1971 p. p., Epilobietum angustifolii (Rübel 1933) Oberdorfer 1973, Myrtillo-Avenelletum flexuosae (Schlüter 1966) Passarge 1984

Diagnostic species: Calamagrostis epigejos. Epilobium angustifolium. Rubus idaeus. Senecio sylvaticus

Constant species: Agrostis capillaris. Avenella flexuosa. Calamagrostis epigejos, Epilobium angustifolium, Juncus effusus, Rubus idaeus

Dominant species: Agrostis capillaris, Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis epigejos, Epilobium angustifolium, Juncus effusus. Rubus idaeus. Senecio sylvaticus

Formal definition: Group Epilobium angustifolium AND (Agrostis capillaris cover > 5 % OR Atropa bella-donna cover > 5 % OR Avenella flexuosa cover > 25 % OR Carex pilulifera cover > 5 % OR Epilobium angustifolium cover > 25 % OR Juncus effusus cover > 5 % OR Senecio sylvaticus cover > 5 %) NOT Betula pendula cover > 25 % NOT Calamagrostis arundinacea cover > 25 % NOT Calamagrostis villosa cover 25 % NOT Digitalis purpurea cover > 5 % NOT Rubus idaeus cover > 50 %

Source: Petřík P., Sádlo J. & Neuhäuslová Z. (2009): XEA01 Senecioni-Epilobietum angustifolii Hueck 1931. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 2. Ruderální, plevelová, skalní a su»ová vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 2. Ruderal, weed, rock and scree vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 383-386.