Human extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli strains differ in prevalence of virulence factors, phylogroups, and bacteriocin determinants

Publikace nespadá pod Přírodovědeckou fakultu, ale pod Lékařskou fakultu. Oficiální stránka publikace je na webu muni.cz.

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MICENKOVÁ Lenka BOSÁK Juraj VRBA Martin ŠEVČÍKOVÁ Alena ŠMAJS David

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj BMC Microbiology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Citace
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12866-016-0835-z
Obor Mikrobiologie, virologie
Klíčová slova Escherichia coli; ExPEC; Colicin; Microcin; Virulence factor; Bacteriocinogeny
Popis Background: The study used a set of 407 human extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli strains (ExPEC) isolated from (1) skin and soft tissue infections, (2) respiratory infections, (3) intra-abdominal infections, and (4) genital smears. The set was tested for bacteriocin production, for prevalence of bacteriocin and virulence determinants, and for phylogenetic typing. Results obtained from the group of ExPEC strains were compared to data from our previously published analyses of 1283 fecal commensal E. coli strains. Results: The frequency of bacteriocinogeny was significantly higher in the set of ExPEC strains (63.1 %), compared to fecal E. coli (54.2 %; p < 0.01). Microcin producers and microcin determinants dominated in ExPEC strains, while colicin producers and colicin determinants were more frequent in fecal E. coli (p < 0.01). Higher production of microcin M and lower production of microcin B17, colicin Ib, and Js was detected in the set of ExPEC strains. ExPEC strains had a significantly higher prevalence of phylogenetic group B2 (52.6 %) compared to fecal E. coli strains (38.3 %; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Human ExPEC strains were shown to differ from human fecal strains in a number of parameters including bacteriocin production, prevalence of several bacteriocin and virulence determinants, and prevalence of phylogenetic groups. Differences in these parameters were also identified within subgroups of ExPEC strains of diverse origin. While some microcin determinants (mM, mH47) were associated with virulent strains, other bacteriocin types (mB17, Ib, and Js) were associated with fecal flora.
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