WNT signaling pathways in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and B cell lymphomas

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JANOVSKÁ Pavlína BRYJA Vítězslav

Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bph.13949
Obor Genetika a molekulární biologie
Klíčová slova LONG NONCODING RNA; WNT/BETA-CATENIN PATHWAY; EPITHELIAL-MESENCHYMAL TRANSITION; OVARIAN-CANCER CELLS; MOUSE SPERMATOGONIAL CELLS; REGULATE GENE-EXPRESSION; PROSTATE-SPECIFIC GENE; STEM-LIKE CELLS; BREAST-CANCER; CERVICAL-CANCER
Popis In this review, we discuss the intricate roles of the Wnt signalling network in the development and progression of mature B-cell-derived haematological malignancies, with a focus on chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and related B-cell lymphomas. We review the current literature and highlight the differences between the beta-catenin-dependent and -independent branches of Wnt signalling. Special attention is paid to the role of the non-canonical Wnt/planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway, mediated by the Wnt-5-receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor (ROR1)-Dishevelled signalling axis in CLL. This is mainly because the Wnt/PCP co-receptor ROR1 was found to be overexpressed in CLL and the Wnt/PCP pathway contributes to numerous aspects of CLL pathogenesis. We also discuss the possibilities of therapeutically targeting the Wnt signalling pathways as an approach to disrupt the crucial interaction between malignant cells and their micro-environment. We also advocate the need for research in this direction for other lymphomas, namely, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma and follicular lymphoma where the Wnt signalling pathway probably plays a similar role.
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