Petr Skládal [ ]

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University
611 37 Brno, Kotlářská 2 (Czech Republic)
Tel. +420-5-41129497 +420-602-829492 Fax +420-5-41211214


  Basic information on the research of biosensors and related subjects
  carried out at the Department of Biochemistry

The research of biosensors in Brno continues for 20 years. In the past, attention was focused particularly to biocatalytic sensors using enzyme-based sensors. Tyrosinase, diamine oxidase, and glucose oxidase were coupled to oxygen electrodes, urease was linked to conductometric sensors, and cholinesterase was immobilized on modified graphite electrodes.

At present, applications for protection of the environment are addressed (organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides in water, soil and food) and especially the research on immunochemical sensors is in progress. The direct piezoelectric immunosensors are studied and used for characterization of affinity interactions between antibodies and antigens / haptens. For construction of indirect immunosensors, screen printed electrochemical systems are employed. The multichannel amperometric transducer has been developed and successfully coupled to the immunoassays employing peroxidase and cholinesterase as enzyme labels.

Fruitful contacts exist with local Czech organizations (Institute for Veterinary Medicine - production of antibodies; Water Research Institute - analysis of real samples; Krejčí Engineering - production of screen printed sensors, development of electronics). The working group of biosensors consists of 3 scientists, several postgraduate and undergraduate students.


Course on biosensors

is provided to graduate and undergraduate students of biochemistry, chemistry and biophysics.


Selected publications

Cholinesterase-based sensors for organophosphates and carbamates

Construction and application of enzyme electrodes

Electrochemical immunosensors for pesticides

Piezoelectric biosensors and characterization of affinity interactions



Research Projects

Cholinesterase Biosensors for Detection of Nerve Agents and Pesticides

Monitoring of Bioaffinity Interactions in Water and in Organic Solvents using Piezelectric Crystals (Czech Grant Agency no. 203/96/0070)

MEBFOOD - Multichannel Electrochemical Biosensor for Rapid Food Safety Monitoring (European Union - INCO Copernicus)

Flow through Electrochemical Immunosensors for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (Triazines, Phenoxyalkanoic Acids, and Polychlorinated Biphenyls)

Electrochemical Immunosensor for Albuminuria


Database specialized on biosensors

The information on publications related to biosensors (articles, books, patents, etc.) is maintained for the whole historical period of biosensing. It contains over 8000 records (40% with abstracts) covering all field of biosensors as well as closely related bioanalytical techniques. The program Reprints™ is used to view, search and update the database as well as to export selected records in suitable formats for publications. Demo version is available on request.



The program LabTools™ is used for experiments and development of biosensors. Experimental data are stored as datasets consisting of numerical (Y, optional X and Z) and textnote fields, either single dataset or a group of related datasets can be saved. The manager module enables convenient viewing and graphic editing of data (read value, difference, slope, mean, copy / cut datapoints) and basic mathematic operations. Several measuring modules are based on the common general-purpose component TExperiment (all software is developed in Delphi); examples include frequency measurement for piezoelectric systems, electrochemical systems (single / multichannel amperometry, pulsed techniques, voltammetry), input from RS 232 compatible devices, and multipurpose digital / analog input / output devices. The flow module is used to automate operation of pumps and valves for flow injection analysis.


  visits since 1.3.1998