Bachelor's degree in full-time form. The language of instruction is Czech.

The programme can be studied only as a single subject with a specialization (Astrophysics, Biophysics or Physics).

What will you learn?

The study of the Bachelor of Physics, specialization in Physics enables students to obtain a general physics and mathematics education. The graduate is familiar with the basics of experimental and theoretical physics and is prepared to study in the follow-up master's degree programme in Physics. The study paves the way for an understanding of basic physics concepts, relations and equations within the scope given by a four-semester course in general physics, and strengthens the students' ability to solve problems in the relevant areas of physics.

Completion of a four-semester course in theoretical physics will enable students to become familiar with the main areas of modern theoretical physics (relativity, quantum mechanics, etc.), and develop their ability to solve moderately challenging problems in these areas. Practical exercises will prepare students for independent experimental work, developing the ability to analyse results, including estimates of experimental uncertainties, and interpret them using the knowledge acquired in the theoretical courses. In the seminars, and especially in the preparation of the bachelor thesis, students will learn to report and discuss the results of their own research activities.

The same applies to the study of the Physics, Astrophysics specialisation, except that the scope of the mathematics and physics-based courses is noticeably smaller than in the Physics specialisation.

Taking specific astrophysics courses allows students to gain an orientation to astrophysics, learn astronomical observational techniques, and learn to present astrophysical and physical knowledge in a popular way.

The study of the Physics, Biophysics specialization will provide students with a solid mathematical and physical foundation. Biophysics differs from the Physics specialization in the scope of courses in this foundation and in that it is not prescribed as a required rigorous four-semester course in theoretical physics. Chemical, biological, and biophysical courses are prescribed, the completion of which will enable students to understand basic chemical concepts and the relationships among them to the extent necessary for the study of living matter, and to acquire the fundamentals of biophysical description of the structure and function of living matter at the molecular and cellular levels.

Practical training

Practical training (several alternatives) is listed among elective courses.

Career opportunities

A graduate who has chosen the Physics specialization will be familiar with the basics of experimental physics and theoretical physics and will be prepared to study in the follow-up master's degree programme in Physics. Due to the relatively universal nature of physics education, he/she will also be able to find employment in a variety of institutions involved in basic and/or applied research, as well as in professions outside the field, where he/she will be able to use his/her physics, mathematics and computer science skills and the ability to combine them, which is developed in the Physics programme.

In addition to a common mathematical-physical foundation, a graduate who has chosen the Astrophysics specialization will be proficient in the fundamentals of astrophysics, cosmology and astronomical observations, in addition to being able to present physical and astrophysical issues at a popular level. He/she will be prepared for study in the follow-up master's programme in Physics and for employment in the institutions mentioned above in connection with the specialisation in Physics. Thanks to this specialisation, he will also be able to find employment as a qualified demonstrator and populariser of science in an observatory.

In addition to a common mathematical and physical background, a graduate who has chosen the Biophysics specialisation will also be familiar with the parts of chemistry and biology that are relevant in the context of biophysics and will be familiar with the fundamentals of biophysics. He/she will be prepared for study in the follow-up master's programme in Biophysics and for employment in the institutions mentioned above in the context of the Physics specialisation. Thanks to this specialisation, he will also be able to find employment in institutions where chemical, biochemical and biological laboratory methods are used, e.g. in biomedical laboratories.

Admission requirements

Data from the previous admission procedure (1 Nov 2023 – 29 Feb 2024)

a) Learning Potential Test or b) Special Test or c) Learning Potential Test and Special Test (Czech only)

Criteria for evaluation

Result of Learning Potential Test or Special Test

Recommended literature

The knowledge required to pass the Learning Potential Test is not obtained by studying specific information sources. Examples of previous years' tests can be found on

Minimum score and numbers of accepted applicants in past years

Study options

Single-subject studies with specialization

In the single-subject studies, the student deepens knowledge in the concrete focus of the degree programme and chooses one specialization. The specialization is stated in the university diploma.

Follow-up studies

Graduates of the Physics programme with a specialisation in Physics or Astrophysics will be prepared to continue their studies in the follow-up master's degree programme in Physics, while graduates with a specialisation in Astrophysics are expected to choose the same specialisation at master's level. Graduates of the programme with a specialisation in Biophysics will be prepared to study in the master's degree programme in Biophysics.

Study information

Provided by Faculty of Science
Type of studies Bachelor's
Mode full-time Yes
combined No
distance No
Study options single-subject studies No
single-subject studies with specialization Yes
major/minor studies No
Standard length of studies 3 years
Language of instruction Czech

Do you have any questions?
Send us an e-mail to

Mgr. Michael Krbek, Ph.D.



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