Sustainable Plant Protection Transition: A Global Health Approach (SPRINT)
SPRINT will develop, test, validate and deliver a holistic global health approach to integrated assessments of the impacts of plant protection products (PPP) on ecosystem, plant, animal and human (EPAH) health, using three main attributes for state of health: resilience, reproduction/ productivity and manifestation of diseases. SPRINT takes the main crops and cropping systems in different European landscapes into account with the aim being to develop transition pathways for reduced reliance on PPP use, and improve farmer and citizen awareness. The goal is integrated risk assessment at the local, regional, national and European level, focusing on different PPP use patterns in contrasting farming systems (conventional, integrated, organic). SPRINT consists of 9 interlinked work packages. The distribution and the impacts of PPPs on EPAH health will be evaluated at 11 case study sites (CSS), each with contrasting farming systems. Ten CSS cover Europe and leading European crops, and one additional study is in Argentina on soy production for feed. PPP environmental fluxes, direct (food/feed ingestion) and indirect (air/dust inhalation and dermal uptake) animal and human exposure routes will be measured and used to improve current exposure, fate and toxicokinetic models (e.g. EFSA-FOCUS, BROWSE, BREAM). Improved (eco)toxicological assays will be performed based on both the findings from the CCS and existing databases. Such assays will cover direct and indirect exposure to multiple PPP residues, realistic ranges of PPP concentrations, multi-species scenarios, and short- and long-term exposures. Modelling of sustainability and cost-benefit at micro- and macro-economic scale will be conducted to derive recommendations for sustainable transition pathways and a research agenda on PPPs. Stakeholders will be closely involved at all levels in the project, from the inventory phase at CSS to the cost-benefit analysis through an independently chaired project advisory group.