Nature through culture.
International applicants for doctoral study (Czech and Slovak Republics applicants not included)
Submission deadline until midnight 30 Nov 2021
The programme’s goal is to develop students in the field of Anthropology as developed at the Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Science, MU. In addition to be ready to take on further scientific careers in academic institutions, graduates find possible employment in companies with research facilities, in archaeology or history-oriented institutions (archaeological agencies and intitutes, museums, institutions of cultural heritage), forensics-oriented institutions in government and non-governmental organisations (UN, NGOs), in healthcare facilities, and last but not least as lecturers.
The units of the Department of Anthropology cover the following research topics as well as forensic expert casework, for which PhD students are also trained:
Excavation and exhumation of human remains in the archaeological and forensic context
Identification of skeletal findings in the archaeological and forensic context
Portrait identification of persons
Practical training (with the exception of laboratory expert casework) is not a mandatory part of the study.
Department web site: http://www.sci.muni.cz/anthrop/
Laboratory of Morphology and Forensic Anthropology web site: http://www.sci.muni.cz/lamorfa
Graduates of a doctoral degree program Anthropology are qualified to work especially in research anthropology-oriented institutes and workplaces or as specialists, research team leaders, lecturers. They are authorized to conduct independent scientific and research activities in basic and applied research focusing on anthropology, human biology and forensic science. In the most broader sense, they are considered qualified for any kind of scientific work, that is dealing with conceptual issues, participating in and managing scientific research activities, and teaching.
Data from the previous admission procedure (1 Jan – 30 Apr 2021)
The candidate must demonstrate knowledge of human biology, including phylogenetic and ontogenetic development and ecological and socio-economic context to the extent taught in follow-up courses in Anthropology at the Faculty of Science, Masaryk University. For proven knowledge the candidate can get a score of max. 20 points. The professional requirements and questions are listed at https://anthro.sci.muni.cz/media/3261722/okruhy_statnice.pdf Furthermore, the candidate must be able to justify that the dissertation topic proposed in collaboration with a potential supervisor is well scientifically based and technically, time and financially manageable. Powerpoint (or other) presentation of the dissertation project in Czech or English is welcome. The candidate can earn a maximum of 50 points for the ability to defend the selected topic of the dissertation project. The applicant submits the topic and proposed solution of the dissertation in written form (1-2 pages) in English (in 3 copies). Furthermore, the candidate must be able to respond to the professional questions of the committee on the topic of the work in English. The applicant can earn a maximum of 30 points for proving language skills.
Material: primary data source: HRAF (https://hraf.yale.edu/), phylogenetic supertree by J.Zrzavý team (https://www.nature.com/articles/srep29890).
Metody: multivariate statistics, GIS models.
The candidates are expected to have the background in biology, preferably biological anthropology, knowledge of advanced imaging approaches (e.g., computed tomography, microCT, 3D scanning), 3D modeling applications at the user’s level (Meshlab, AMIRA/AVIZO, Maya) and the concept of forensic sciences is welcome.
The topic may generate individual projects as follows:
1) Assessment of skeletal injuries using finite element analysis
2) Simulations and animations of death-related events in forensic sciences
3) Differentiating between peri- and post-mortem skeletal injuries in the neck elements
4) Skeletal injuries at the microscopic level – experimental study
MORE INFORMATION: www.sci.muni.cz/lamorfa
PLEASE NOTE that before initiating the formal application process to doctoral studies, all interested candidates are required to contact the future supervisor (firstname.lastname@example.org) for informal discussion.
Morphological markers of early development in the reconstruction of the human life history
Supervisor: doc. RNDr. Miroslav Králík, Ph.D.
The topic may generate individual projects as follows:
1) Minutiae of the human epidermal ridges as morphological markers of prenatal disruptive factors
2) Effect of assortative mating in parental generation on prenatal and postnatal development of their offspring
3) Family effects on prenatal development as measured by means of digit ratios and dermatoglyphics
4) Osteological and dental markers of prenatal stress and their relationships to morbidity, mortality and the life span
5) Inter-birth interval as a factor of prenatal development
Parasitic infections as a consequence or a reason of different primate lifestyle strategies
Supervisor: Mgr. Klára Petrželková, Ph.D.
Individual projects within this topic could be specified as follows:
1) Relationship of the lifestyle and parasitic infections in hunters-gatherers, rural and urban communities, and primate hosts in Central Africa
2) Impact of the habitat diversity, including co-occurrence of multiple primate species, on the helminth infections in African great apes with focus on mountain gorillas
3) Molecular clock in selected soil-transmitted helminths infecting primates as a tool for mapping the hosts’ evolution
PLEASE NOTE that before initiating the formal application process to doctoral studies, all interested candidates are required to contact the future supervisor.
The aim of this study would be an assessment of selectiveness of social mobility in relation to height. It has been shown that taller persons have greater chance to get higher social position than smaller persons. But upward social mobility could be moderates by the level of social inequality. The study should include 3-4 European countries contrasting in social inequality assessed by commonly used indexes like Gini coefficient. Social mobility would be defined as a changes of the social position of studies person in comparison to his father social position, measured by achieved education level and/or profession. The study could use the social media as a source of information, this would be also novel approach.
2) Polymorphisms of dopaminergic genes: DRD4, DRD2, COMT and DAT1 and risk taking behaviour. Study of (Czech or Polish or Slovak) soldiers taking part in combat missions
The aim of the study is an assessment of relationship between frequencies of certain polymorphisms of dopaminergic genes and risk taking behaviour. There are many reports showing association between polymorphism of DRD4 gen with some personality traits like novelty seeking. Other studies have indicated relationship between long allele of DRD4 with such risk taking behaviour like gambling and financial risk. However, there is a lack of research reporting association between such behaviour and polymorphisms in other dopaminergic genes. There is also no any data showing relationship between those polymorphisms and risk behaviour exposing human life. Proposed study will be based on comparison of frequencies of polymorphisms in three groups: (1) soldiers taking part and (2) not taking part in combat missions and (3) control group of males, who are not soldiers.
3) Role of permanent stress in emerging and sustaining the social differences in biological condition.
The aim of this study would be to assess the stress level based on chemical analysis of hairs and estimation of glucocorticoids and cortisol metabolites level in persons from different social strata. There are many findings pointing out the differences in health and biological conditions between people differed in level of education and job position. Controlling for elements of lifestyle, it would be interesting to assess the role of permanent stress.
4) Body length proportion and age at peak height velocity.
The aim of the study would be to find which length measures and their proportions are the best predictors of age at peak height velocity (APHV). It is well known that the peak height velocity starts with acceleration of growth long bones from lower extremities. So, using the longitudinal data and measures of segments of lower and upper extremities it would be possible to find a certain ratio of certain segments which would be the best predictors of APHV.
|Provided by||Faculty of Science|
|Type of studies|
|Standard length of studies||4 years|
|Language of instruction||Czech|
|Doctoral board and doctoral committees|
Do you have any questions?
Send us an e-mail
doc. RNDr. Petra Urbanová, Ph.D.